For nearly a century, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology has been integral to the advancement of radiology. A true pioneer with a respected legacy of innovation and too many “first in the field” breakthroughs to count. Here are just a few notable milestones that are the building blocks of an illustrious history.
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (MIR) officially opens with a staff of four radiologists and one physicist.
MIR’s first residents, Allan B. Phillips and William Y. Burton, are accepted.
The first laminograph (developed in 1936 at MIR) is used to examine World Series Champion pitcher Paul “Daffy” Dean. This is considered the earliest recorded example of sectional imaging used to assess a sports-related musculoskeletal injury.
The cyclotron constructed on Washington University’s undergraduate campus is the first dedicated to producing isotopes for medical and biological research.
The U.S. government commandeers the cyclotron to produce some of the world’s first plutonium. In the end, half of the Manhattan Project’s plutonium comes from Washington University.
Then director Hugh Wilson appoints radiophysicist and future PET pioneer Michel Ter-Pogossian, forever changing the history of MIR.
The first pediatric radiology program is established at MIR.
MIR builds the first cyclotron on a U.S. medical campus and second in the world dedicated to medical research.
Newly appointed MIR director and neuroradiologist Juan Taveras establishes MIR’s first official subspecialties by dividing faculty into six groups based on local anatomy.
PET is invented by MIR researchers Michael Phelps and Michel Ter-Pogossian. Their colleagues, Michael Welch and Marcus Raichle, develop tools and algorithms to use PET to study the brain.
Neuroradiology and Ben Mayes come together to create MIR’s first fellowship.
MIR acquires one of the first six CT scanners in the U.S.
One of the first five mammography units in the U.S. arrives at MIR.
Along with two colleagues, MIR radiologist Michael Vannier publishes the first 3D reconstruction of single CT slices of the human head.
MIR researchers develop fluoroestradiol (FES), the first radioactive form of estrogen used as a PET imaging agent for detecting breast cancer.
MIR develops widely adopted criteria for diagnosing pulmonary emboli.
MIR works with CTI PET Systems to develop some of the first whole-body PET imaging techniques.
Newsweek publishes “Decade of the Brain,” an article highlighting neurologist and radiology professor Marcus Raichle’s PET research and development of nearly all existing techniques for mapping the brain.
Quadriplegic actor Christopher Reeve’s treatment regimen — designed by Washington University faculty with imaging studies performed by MIR — results in some motor function restoration.
MIR expands resident total to 72, making it the largest program in the U.S.
Mark Mintun, director of MIR’s Center for Clinical Imaging, uses PET imaging to detect Alzheimer’s disease before clinical symptoms appear.
MIR becomes home to the Human Connectome Project.
MIR becomes one of the first eight programs in the U.S. approved for an Integrated IR Residency Program.
“Cancer goggles,” invented by Optical Radiology Lab director Samuel Achilefu, allow doctors to see cancer cells during surgery.