What is chemoembolization?
Chemoembolization is an image-guided procedure that delivers a high dose of chemotherapy (anti-cancer drugs) to a tumor while also blocking its blood supply. Although not a cure, chemoembolization is very effective in treating primary liver cancers and other types of cancer that have spread. Chemoembolization is performed by an interventional radiologist.
Advantages of chemoembolization
- Most patients resume normal activities within one week
- While not a cure, most patients show improvement
- In most cases, the tumor stops growing and may even shrink
- Treatment may be repeated multiple times and/or combined with other cancer therapies
- Improves quality of life
- May extend life from months-to-years for patients with inoperable tumors
- Allows for more curative options, such as surgery or a liver transplant, in some patients